The Day of Independence of the United States (in English: Independence Day of The Fourth of July ) is a national holiday that celebrates the day July 4 in the United States. This day marks the Declaration of Independence of 1776, the year in which the Thirteen Colonies declared the formal separation of the British Empire. Independence Day is the most celebrated holiday in the United States and has a strong influence on American culture in general and has been portrayed in a variety of media outlets. Independence Day is also the national day of the United States.
During the American Revolution, the legal separation of the Thirteen Colonies of the United Kingdom of Great Britain occurred on 2 July of 1776, when the Second Continental Congress passed resolution independence proposed by Richard Henry Lee, of Virginia, declaring independence from the United States of British rule. After voting for the independence of the colonies, Congress proceeded to draft a Declaration of Independence., in order to grant a legal document setting out the decision and the vote of the body. Congress debated and revised the Declaration and adopted it on July 4. The day before, John Adams had written to his wife, Abigail :
The second day of July 1776 will be the most memorable in the history of America. I am about to believe that it will be celebrated in future generations as the largest commemorative festival. This date should be celebrated as the day of deliverance through solemn acts of devotion to Almighty God. This date should be solemnized with pomp and parade, with demonstrations, games, sports, volleys, bells, stoves and fires, across this continent, from now on forever.
Adams was wrong for days. Since independence, the United States has celebrated National Day on July 4, the date of publication of the Declaration of Independence; rather than July 2, the date the resolution was passed by Congress.
Scholars on the subject have debated the publication of the Declaration of Independence, although Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and Benjamin Franklin later wrote about the original date. Most historians conclude and accept that the Declaration was signed about a month after its approval, on August 2, 1776, rather than July 4 as commonly credited.