Emoji ( 絵 文字lit. pictogram ? ) Is a word derived from the junction of the following Japanese terms: e ( 絵”image” ? ) + Moji ( 文字”letter” ? ). Originating in Japan, emojis are ideograms and smileys used in e-mail and web pages, the use of which is becoming popular beyond the country. They exist in many genres, including facial expressions, objects, places, animals, and weather types.
Its popularity is mainly due to the international inclusion in iPhones, which was followed by adoption in Android systems, and in turn in other operating systems.
The first emoji was created in 1998 or 1999 in Japan by Shigetaka Kurita, who was part of the NTT DoCoMo team responsible for developing i-mode, a mobile Internet platform. The first set of 172 12 × 12 pixel emojis was created as part of i-mode’s messaging features to facilitate electronic communication and function as a distinguishing feature of other services.
However, in 1997, Nicolas Loufrani realized the increasing use of ASCII text emoticons in mobile technology and began experimenting with animated smiley faces to create colorful icons that corresponded to ASCII emoticons. made with simple punctuation marks, perfecting them for more interactive use on digital platforms. From these, Loufrani created the first graphic emoticons and compiled an online Emoticon Dictionary which was sorted by categories: classics, mood expressions, flags, festivities, fun, sports, weather, animals, food, countries, professions, planets, zodiac, and babies. These icons were first registered in 1997 at The United States Copyright Office and were later published as .gif files on the Internet in 1998, becoming the first-ever graphic emoticons to be used on technology platforms. In 2000, the Directory of Emoticons created by Loufrani was made available on the Internet for users to download to their mobile phones via smileydictionary.com which included over 1000 graphic smiley emoticons and their ASCII versions. This same directory was later published in 2002 in a book by Marabout publisher Dico Smileys. In 2001, The Smiley Company began licensing the rights to Loufrani’s graphic emoticons for use in mobile phone transfers by various telecommunications companies, including Nokia, Motorola, Samsung, SFR (Vodafone) and Sky. Telemedia
O Oxford Dictionary nomeou “emoji” (Face With Tears of Joy) como “palavra do ano” em 2015.